A new research infrastructure to decipher the greenhouse gas balance of Europe and adjacent regions
Links to ICOS
The links between ICOS, other European projects, and international coordination bodies and programs include:
InGOS (FP7, I3) develops the infrastructure for non-CO2 greenhouse gases.
ICOS-INWIRE (FP7) reinforces the greenhouse gas data provision to GMES/Copernicus services.
GHG-EUROPE (FP7, IP) will be a prime user of the ICOS data, and provides advanced research tools to use the infrastructure observations.
CARBOEUROPE (FP6, IP) has developped the scientific case for ICOS, and provides the basic network elements from which ICOS is being built.
CARBOAFRICA (FP6, IP), (Western Africa) and CIRCE (FP6) (Mediterranean regions), and research in third countries such as China, India, and Russia will be able to use the ICOS methodology for establishing new high precision measurements.
IMECC (FP6, I3) will provide key network design tools to the ICOS Preparatory Phase, funding for ecosystem measurement sensors and standard preparation facilities as well as pilot Near-Real-Time concentration data products.
MACC-II, MACC, GEMS and GEOLAND2 and GEOLAND (FP6, FP7, IP) projects (part of the GMES program) are key users of the high quality, fast delivery atmospheric and ecosystem validation data provided by ICOS.
GEOMON (FP-6, IP) ensured the link to ICOS with forthcoming satellite observations of column integrated CO2 (NASA/OCO, JAXA/GOSAT missions) and CH4 (ESA/SCIAMACHY instrument on ENVISAT) and CO (NASA/MOPITT).
GEOSS will use the European implementation of the Integrated Global Carbon Observation strategy (IGCO) for atmospheric and biospheric observations, and of the Integrated Global Atmospheric Composition Observation strategy (IGACO) provided by ICOS.
IPCC panel members will have access to unique, high precision long term data to understand the carbon cycle and the current perturbation attributed to anthropogenic activities.